In the referenced article (http://stealthpuppy.com/windows-10-management-intune/) Aron Parker summarize the difference between using the MDM-API and the Intune Agent for management.
Spent some time today documenting the evolution of Intune. It really shows how Microsoft has developed a cloud based device management solution over time. Starting with nothing more than a glorified patch management tool (in my eyes). If we can learn something from the past, the next few years will be really exciting for Intune, from my point of view it already covers 90% of what most small to medium size companies use in SCCM today.